tlp est un outil en ligne de commande qui va se charger d’optimiser au mieux les paramètres de votre système dans le but de réduire la consommation de la batterie.

Installation

sudo apt-get install tlp

Dans mon cas, sur mon Lenovo Thinkpad, j’ai également installé les paquets suivants :

sudo apt-get install tp-smapi-dkms acpi-call-dkms

Utilisation

La commande tlp-stat renvoie une série d’information sur l’état de votre machine.

<span class="gd">--- TLP 0.9 --------------------------------------------
</span>
<span class="gi">+++ Configured Settings: /etc/default/tlp
</span>TLP_ENABLE=1
TLP_DEFAULT_MODE=AC
DISK_IDLE_SECS_ON_AC=0
DISK_IDLE_SECS_ON_BAT=2
MAX_LOST_WORK_SECS_ON_AC=15
MAX_LOST_WORK_SECS_ON_BAT=60
SCHED_POWERSAVE_ON_AC=0
SCHED_POWERSAVE_ON_BAT=1
NMI_WATCHDOG=0
ENERGY_PERF_POLICY_ON_AC=performance
ENERGY_PERF_POLICY_ON_BAT=powersave
DISK_DEVICES="sda sdb"
DISK_APM_LEVEL_ON_AC="254 254"
DISK_APM_LEVEL_ON_BAT="128 128"
SATA_LINKPWR_ON_AC=max_performance
SATA_LINKPWR_ON_BAT=min_power
AHCI_RUNTIME_PM_TIMEOUT=15
PCIE_ASPM_ON_AC=performance
PCIE_ASPM_ON_BAT=powersave
RADEON_POWER_PROFILE_ON_AC=high
RADEON_POWER_PROFILE_ON_BAT=low
RADEON_DPM_STATE_ON_AC=performance
RADEON_DPM_STATE_ON_BAT=battery
RADEON_DPM_PERF_LEVEL_ON_AC=auto
RADEON_DPM_PERF_LEVEL_ON_BAT=auto
WIFI_PWR_ON_AC=off
WIFI_PWR_ON_BAT=on
WOL_DISABLE=Y
SOUND_POWER_SAVE_ON_AC=0
SOUND_POWER_SAVE_ON_BAT=1
SOUND_POWER_SAVE_CONTROLLER=Y
BAY_POWEROFF_ON_BAT=0
BAY_DEVICE="sr0"
RUNTIME_PM_ON_AC=on
RUNTIME_PM_ON_BAT=auto
RUNTIME_PM_ALL=1
RUNTIME_PM_DRIVER_BLACKLIST="radeon nouveau"
USB_AUTOSUSPEND=1
USB_BLACKLIST_WWAN=1
RESTORE_DEVICE_STATE_ON_STARTUP=0

<span class="gi">+++ System Info
</span>System         = LENOVO ThinkPad T420s 4174CN5
BIOS           = 8CET50WW (1.30 )
Release        = Debian GNU/Linux 8.7 (jessie)
Kernel         = 3.16.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.16.39-1 (2016-12-30) x86_64
/proc/cmdline  = BOOT_IMAGE=/vmlinuz-3.16.0-4-amd64 root=UUID=9a478dc2-0e42-40d7-b493-914abc99363e ro initrd=/install/gtk/initrd.gz quiet
Init system    = systemd v215
Boot mode      = BIOS (CSM, Legacy)

<span class="gi">+++ TLP Status
</span>State          = enabled
Last run       = unknown
Mode           = unknown
Power source   = AC

<span class="gi">+++ Processor
</span>CPU model      = Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-2640M CPU @ 2.80GHz

/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_driver    = intel_pstate
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_governor  = powersave
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_available_governors = performance powersave
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_min_freq  =   800000 [kHz]
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_max_freq  =  3500000 [kHz]

/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/cpufreq/scaling_driver    = intel_pstate
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/cpufreq/scaling_governor  = powersave
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/cpufreq/scaling_available_governors = performance powersave
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/cpufreq/scaling_min_freq  =   800000 [kHz]
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/cpufreq/scaling_max_freq  =  3500000 [kHz]

/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu2/cpufreq/scaling_driver    = intel_pstate
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu2/cpufreq/scaling_governor  = powersave
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu2/cpufreq/scaling_available_governors = performance powersave
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu2/cpufreq/scaling_min_freq  =   800000 [kHz]
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu2/cpufreq/scaling_max_freq  =  3500000 [kHz]

/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu3/cpufreq/scaling_driver    = intel_pstate
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu3/cpufreq/scaling_governor  = powersave
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu3/cpufreq/scaling_available_governors = performance powersave
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu3/cpufreq/scaling_min_freq  =   800000 [kHz]
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu3/cpufreq/scaling_max_freq  =  3500000 [kHz]

/sys/devices/system/cpu/intel_pstate/min_perf_pct      = 22
/sys/devices/system/cpu/intel_pstate/max_perf_pct      = 100
/sys/devices/system/cpu/intel_pstate/no_turbo          = 0
/sys/devices/system/cpu/intel_pstate/turbo_pct         = (not available)
/sys/devices/system/cpu/intel_pstate/num_pstates       = (not available)

x86_energy_perf_policy: program not installed.

/proc/sys/kernel/nmi_watchdog                          = 1

<span class="gi">+++ Undervolting
</span>PHC kernel not available.

<span class="gi">+++ Temperatures
</span>CPU temp               =    47 [°C]
/proc/acpi/ibm/fan     =  1956 [/min]

<span class="gi">+++ File System
</span>/proc/sys/vm/laptop_mode               =     0
/proc/sys/vm/dirty_writeback_centisecs =   500
/proc/sys/vm/dirty_expire_centisecs    =  3000
/proc/sys/vm/dirty_ratio               =    20
/proc/sys/vm/dirty_background_ratio    =    10
/proc/sys/fs/xfs/age_buffer_centisecs  = (not available)
/proc/sys/fs/xfs/xfssyncd_centisecs    = (not available)
/proc/sys/fs/xfs/xfsbufd_centisecs     = (not available)

<span class="gi">+++ Storage Devices
</span>/dev/sda:
  Model     = SAMSUNG MZ7PA128HMCD-010L1              
  Firmware  = AXM08L1Q
  APM Level = none/disabled
  Status    = active/idle
  TRIM      = supported
  Scheduler = cfq

  Runtime PM: control = on, autosuspend_delay =   -1

  SMART info:
      9 Power_On_Hours            =    17723 [h]
     12 Power_Cycle_Count         =     1510 
    177 Wear_Leveling_Count       =       88 [%]
    178 Used_Rsvd_Blk_Cnt_Chip    =      452 
    179 Used_Rsvd_Blk_Cnt_Tot     =      748 
    180 Unused_Rsvd_Blk_Cnt_Tot   =     3284 
    190 Airflow_Temperature_Cel   =       32 [°C]
    233 Media_Wearout_Indicator   =      199 [%]


<span class="gi">+++ SATA Aggressive Link Power Management
</span>/sys/class/scsi_host/host0/link_power_management_policy  = max_performance
/sys/class/scsi_host/host1/link_power_management_policy  = max_performance
/sys/class/scsi_host/host2/link_power_management_policy  = max_performance
/sys/class/scsi_host/host3/link_power_management_policy  = max_performance
/sys/class/scsi_host/host4/link_power_management_policy  = max_performance
/sys/class/scsi_host/host5/link_power_management_policy  = max_performance

<span class="gi">+++ AHCI Host Controller Runtime Power Management
</span>/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1f.2/ata1/power/control = on
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1f.2/ata2/power/control = on
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1f.2/ata3/power/control = on
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1f.2/ata4/power/control = on
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1f.2/ata5/power/control = on
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1f.2/ata6/power/control = on

<span class="gi">+++ PCIe Active State Power Management
</span>/sys/module/pcie_aspm/parameters/policy = default (using bios preferences)

<span class="gi">+++ Intel Graphics
</span>/sys/module/i915/parameters/powersave        =  1 (enabled)
/sys/module/i915/parameters/enable_rc6       =  1 (enabled)
/sys/module/i915/parameters/enable_dc        = (not available)
/sys/module/i915/parameters/enable_fbc       = -1 (use per-chip default)
/sys/module/i915/parameters/enable_psr       =  0 (disabled)
/sys/module/i915/parameters/lvds_downclock   =  1 (enabled)
/sys/module/i915/parameters/modeset          = -1 (use per-chip default)
/sys/module/i915/parameters/semaphores       = -1 (use per-chip default)

<span class="gi">+++ Wireless
</span>bluetooth = on
wifi      = on
wwan      = none (no device)

hci0(btusb)                   : bluetooth, not connected
wlan0(iwlwifi)                : wifi, connected, power management = off

<span class="gi">+++ Audio
</span>/sys/module/snd_hda_intel/parameters/power_save            = 0
/sys/module/snd_hda_intel/parameters/power_save_controller = Y

<span class="gi">+++ Docks and Device Bays
</span>/sys/devices/platform/dock.0: battery_bay   = no battery 
/sys/devices/platform/dock.1: ata_bay       = drive present

<span class="gi">+++ Runtime Power Management
</span>Device classes   = all
Device blacklist = (not configured)
Driver blacklist = radeon nouveau

/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:00.0/power/control = on   (0x060000, Host bridge, no driver)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:01.0/power/control = on   (0x060400, PCI bridge, pcieport)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:02.0/power/control = on   (0x030000, VGA compatible controller, i915)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:16.0/power/control = on   (0x078000, Communication controller, mei_me)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:16.3/power/control = on   (0x070002, Serial controller, serial)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:19.0/power/control = on   (0x020000, Ethernet controller, e1000e)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1a.0/power/control = on   (0x0c0320, USB controller, ehci-pci)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1b.0/power/control = on   (0x040300, Audio device, snd_hda_intel)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1c.0/power/control = on   (0x060400, PCI bridge, pcieport)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1c.1/power/control = on   (0x060400, PCI bridge, pcieport)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1c.3/power/control = on   (0x060400, PCI bridge, pcieport)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1c.4/power/control = on   (0x060400, PCI bridge, pcieport)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1d.0/power/control = on   (0x0c0320, USB controller, ehci-pci)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1f.0/power/control = on   (0x060100, ISA bridge, lpc_ich)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1f.2/power/control = on   (0x010601, SATA controller, ahci)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:1f.3/power/control = on   (0x0c0500, SMBus, i801_smbus)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:01:00.0/power/control = on   (0x030000, VGA compatible controller, no driver)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:03:00.0/power/control = on   (0x028000, Network controller, iwlwifi)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:05:00.0/power/control = on   (0x088000, System peripheral, sdhci-pci)
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:0d:00.0/power/control = on   (0x0c0330, USB controller, xhci_hcd)

<span class="gi">+++ USB
</span>Autosuspend        = enabled
Device whitelist   = (not configured)
Device blacklist   = (not configured)
WWAN blacklist     = enabled

Bus 004 Device 002 ID 8087:0024 control = auto, autosuspend_delay_ms =     0 -- Intel Corp. Integrated Rate Matching Hub (hub)
Bus 004 Device 001 ID 1d6b:0002 control = auto, autosuspend_delay_ms =     0 -- Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub (hub)
Bus 002 Device 001 ID 1d6b:0003 control = auto, autosuspend_delay_ms =     0 -- Linux Foundation 3.0 root hub (hub)
Bus 001 Device 001 ID 1d6b:0002 control = auto, autosuspend_delay_ms =     0 -- Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub (hub)
Bus 003 Device 004 ID 04f2:b221 control = auto, autosuspend_delay_ms =  2000 -- Chicony Electronics Co., Ltd integrated camera (uvcvideo)
Bus 003 Device 003 ID 0a5c:217f control = on,   autosuspend_delay_ms =  2000 -- Broadcom Corp. BCM2045B (BDC-2.1) (btusb)
Bus 003 Device 002 ID 8087:0024 control = auto, autosuspend_delay_ms =     0 -- Intel Corp. Integrated Rate Matching Hub (hub)
Bus 003 Device 001 ID 1d6b:0002 control = auto, autosuspend_delay_ms =     0 -- Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub (hub)

<span class="gi">+++ ThinkPad Extended Battery Functions
</span>tp-smapi   = active
tpacpi-bat = active

<span class="gi">+++ ThinkPad Battery Status: BAT0 (Main / Internal)
</span>/sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/manufacturer               = SANYO
/sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/model                      = 42T4845
/sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/manufacture_date           = 2011-12-30
/sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/first_use_date             = 2012-02-21
/sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/cycle_count                =    278
/sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/design_capacity            =  44000 [mWh]
/sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/last_full_capacity         =  38570 [mWh]
/sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/remaining_capacity         =  38570 [mWh]
/sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/remaining_percent          =    100 [%]
/sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/remaining_running_time_now = not_discharging [min]
/sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/remaining_charging_time    = not_charging [min]
/sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/power_now                  =      0 [mW]
/sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/power_avg                  =      0 [mW]
/sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/state                      = idle

tpacpi-bat.BAT0.startThreshold                              =     96 [%]
tpacpi-bat.BAT0.stopThreshold                               =    100 [%]
tpacpi-bat.BAT0.forceDischarge                              =      0

Charge                                                      =  100.0 [%]
Capacity                                                    =   87.7 [%]


Loin d’être un expert, je tire deux conclusions de ces données :

  • La capacité de ma batterie reste honorable : 87% de la capacité initiale de 44000mWh est tout a fait acceptable pour une machine qui avait déjà plus de 5 ans lorsque je l’ai achetée
  • La vie de mon SSD n’est pas en danger immédiat (Wear Leveling Count à 88%)